Cars nowadays have GPS be it for navigation or as an anti-theft device. They can be programmed to lock up the vehicle remotely. Heard of thieves who have found the car seize up right on the road? No science fiction involved, as all that it involves is a programmed interface that will prevent the car being used beyond a certain geographical area.
Bikes, the human or perhaps battery-aided device, have an extremely vulnerable set up that makes them difficult to protect. Short of putting them in a closed space or locking up the whole bike, including all parts, with multiple chains and padlocks, they are generally prone to be stolen.
Passive RFID chips today have the ability to be used as part of an anti-theft set up. With fractal antennae and and external readers, they can be part of a surveillance system that can provide a fair level of security. Not that this frees one from taking elementary steps to prevent theft, such as locking up the bike securely, or even using a bike station.